Nose-Bleeds- Symptoms, Causes and Diagnosis

Most of the adults, when they were children, sat across their classmate with cotton plugs up their nostrils to prevent the nosebleeds. These nosebleeds are caused due to the shock and injury caused when the fist of your classmate lands on your nose. The nostalgia will on bring back the fond memories of the incident, the punishment and also the memory of one classmate who had frequent nosebleeds without anyone’s help and was always in need of medical attention.

Anyone can have a nosebleed but they are more common in children between the age group of 2 and 10. This is because many blood vessels are located near the area of the nose. These vessels are fragile and any excessive irritation can cause the nose to bleed. These bleedings may be brief and last for few seconds or can continue for few minutes.

Causes for the nosebleed:

There are multiple reasons which can trigger the nose to bleed. The following causes can be listed as the reasons for causing the nosebleed.

  • Dry air: Dry air is a common cause for nosebleed and can happen as a result of being in a dry climate. Such climate will lead to drying of nasal membranes and crusting in the nose. This crusting in nose irritates the blood vessel and cause them to bleed.
  • Trauma: Nose is situated in a very vulnerable position and many blood vessels are located in this area. So, any kind of trauma resulting from even a minor injury to the nose will lead to its bleeding.
  • Repeated sneezing and nose blowing: When you catch a cold, it is common to have stuffy and running nose which requires you to blow your nose repeatedly. This will irritate the blood vessel and can cause them to bleed.
  • Common causes:


The common causes for the nosebleed include the following

  1. High blood pressure
  2. Infections
  3. Use of blood-thinning medications
  4. Some Cancers

 

Symptoms:

When it comes to most of the people, nosebleed does not show any symptoms. But in case of severe bleeding from both the nostrils, it can have the following symptoms

  • Dizziness
  • Exhaustion
  • Fainting
  • Light-headiness

Treatment:

In most of the cases, nose bleeding can be managed at the home and does not need any professional medical assistance. The following things can help in controlling or stopping the blood flow from the nasal cavity.

  • Do not pick your nose
  • Avoid frequent blowing of the nose
  • massage your nose with an ice-pack

Pinch the soft part of your nose by applying light-pressure for 10-15 minutes.

About the author

Dr. Chaitanya Rao, Managing director at Dr. Rao’s ENT group of hospitals has 10 years experience in the field of ENT.

His special areas of interest include Nose & sinus surgeries, Otology, Snoring and sleep apnea surgeries. During his Post-graduation itself he was invited as a visiting physician to House Institute of Medical sciences, Los Angeles; Rhinology and Anterior skull base unit, Ohio State University Medical Centre, Columbus, Ohio and University of Michigan from where he picked up his skills.

He plays a key role (Course Director & co-ordinator) in giving hands on training to around 150 ENT surgeons every year from all around the world for initiating and improving their ENT surgical skills as a part of Hyderabad ENT Research Foundation initiatives.

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